We know the Oscillator is a electronic circuit which produce sinusoidal or non sinusoidal wave with required frequency and amplitude. Every Oscillator circuits will have tank, amplifier and feed back circuit to produce waveforms. Here RC phase shift Oscillator circuit designed to produce sinusoidal wave form with few easily available components.
Simple RC Phase shift Oscillator Circuit to oscillate pure Sine wave up to 6.5KHz. Output signal frequency is depends on the tank circuit elements and its value, here the tank circuit consist with Resistors and Capacitors.
- Battery 9V
- Transistor 2N2222A (NPN)
- Resistors 10KΩ = 3
- Resistor 57KΩ, 6.8KΩ, 1.5KΩ, 8.2KΩ each one
- Capacitors 1nF = 3
- Capacitor 0.1μF, 1μF each one
Circuit Construction & Operation
Here Transistor 2N2222A biased as Common emitter (CE) single stage amplifier and at the feed back RC network is formed by same value capacitors and Resistors. Output is picked up from Transistor collector terminal through output coupling capacitor C5. This whole RC phase shift oscillator circuit is powered by 9V battery.
When we apply the power supply to this circuit, the random variations of base current caused by noise variations in the transistor and voltage variations in the power source produce oscillation, and this variations amplified by the transistor amplifier.
RC Phase Shift Oscillator Output Frequency Formula
Fr is the Output frequency in Hertz R is the Resistance in ohms (R= R1 = R2 = R3) C is the Capacitance in Farads (C = C1 = C2 = C3) N is the Number of RC stages (here N = 3)
This RC phase shift oscillator feedback network is consists of three stages of RC networks and these are identical and has equal values. Here each RC combinations provides 60º phase shift to the signal (RC1 + RC2 + RC3) that is (60 + 60 + 60) totally feedback section provides 180º phase shift. The amplifier stage provides amplification with 180º phase shift. Hence the total phase shift is 360º, and it provides positive feedback and hence continuous undamped Oscillation is produced. We can obtain continuous sine wave output with fixed frequency. RC phase shift oscillator circuit will provide stable low frequency oscillation.