Battery Level Indicator Circuit

Simple Battery Level Indicator Circuit designed by using IC LM3914 – dot/bar display driver from Texas Instruments. This circuit detects battery charging level and indicates the percentage of charge through 5mm LEDs. First three Red LEDs are indicates 0 to 30 percentage battery, Orange Color LEDs are indicates 40 to 60 percentage battery level and Green LEDs are indicates 70 to 100 percentage charge level of battery.




This Battery Level Indicator Circuit designed to be employed in 12V battery environment. IC LM3914 is a monolithic Integrated circuit that senses Analog Voltage levels and drives 10 LEDs, and also Bar graph LEDs. This IC LM 3914 contains its own adjustable reference and accurate 10 step voltage divider.

Circuit Diagram

Components Required

1C133µF/35VCP_Radial_D10.0mm_P5.00mm1
2C20.1µFC_Disc_D3.0mm_W1.6mm_P2.50mm1
3R156KΩR_Axial_DIN0204_L3.6mm_D1.6mm_P5.08mm_Horizontal1
4R21.2KΩR_Axial_DIN0204_L3.6mm_D1.6mm_P5.08mm_Horizontal1
5D11N4001D_DO-41_SOD81_P7.62mm_Horizontal1
6U1-LM3914LM3914DIP-18_W7.62mm1
7G-LED7, G-LED8, G-LED9, G-LED10, O-LED4, O-LED5, O-LED6, R-LED1, R-LED2, R-LED3LEDLED_D5.0mm_Clear10
8RV1200KΩPotentiometer_Bourns_3266W_Vertical1
9RV210KΩPotentiometer_Bourns_3266W_Vertical1
10J112V BatteryTerminalBlock_Altech_AK300-2_P5.00mm1

Features of LM3914

  • It Can drive LEDs, LCDs or Vacuum fluorescents.
  • Bar and dot display mode are externally selectable.
  • It can operate with 3V supply.
  • Output current programmable from 2mA to 30mA.
  • Output from LM3914 can interface with TTL or CMOS logic.

Construction & Working

Indicator LEDs are connected to the corresponding output pin of LM3914 IC. In this circuit we used 18 pin PDIP package IC. Bias to this IC directly applied from the input battery. RV1 – Variable Resistor controls sensitivity of signal input and RV2 – Variable Resistor controls divider and Reference Adjust.

In this Battery level indicator circuit dot display single LM3914 driver configuration used hence the mode select pin (9) leaved as open circuit. If you want to connect 20 LEDs then you can use two LM3914 ICs together (Refer Datasheet)

Printed Circuit Board

Battery Level Indicator Circuit PCB Gerber Files.

Interactive Board Viewer

     




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